Gadsby – A story of 50,000 words without vowel ‘E’

Gadsby is a novel by Ernest Vincent Wright, written around 1939. It is famous for not containing the letter ‘e’, the most common letter in the English language. Remarkably, the novel is about 50,100 words long.

The lack of the letter ‘e’ makes Gadsby a lipogram, or an example of constrained writing. Wright explains in the introduction that he had to tie down the ‘E’ key of his typewriter to avoid mistakes. Amazingly, the vowel ‘e’ is used 5 times oftener than any other letter.